Hauptstadt Nevada

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(Details) (Details). Liste der Bundesstaaten. All For Our Country. Die territoriale Hauptstadt war zuerst Genoa und wurde dann nach Carson City verlegt. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Geschichte; 2 Grenze; 3. Stelle unter den Bundesstaaten). Größte Stadt in Nevada ist Las Vegas mit 2,2 Mio. Einwohnern in der Metropolitan Area. Carson City, Nevadas Hauptstadt, ist mit.

Hauptstadt Nevada

Must-Sees`s in der Hauptstadt Nevadas. Nevada State Capitol Das Nevada State Capitol wurde im italienischen-neoclassischen Stil zwischen und Las Vegas liegt in einer Wüstenlandschaft Meter über dem Meeresspiegel im Südosten des Bundesstaates Nevada. Im Osten liegt der durch den Colorado​. Die Hauptstadt ist Carson City im Westen des Bundesstaates nahe der Grenze zu Kalifornien. In Nevada befindet sich die weltweit bekannte Spielerstadt Las.

Hauptstadt Nevada Video

Exploring Nevada USA - Off the Beaten Path Treasures and Sights! Die Hauptstadt ist Carson City im Westen des Bundesstaates nahe der Grenze zu Kalifornien. In Nevada befindet sich die weltweit bekannte Spielerstadt Las. Lage von Nevada in den USA. Flagge. Flag of andesmotorsport.site Kurzdaten. Hauptstadt, Carson City. Währung, USD. Fläche, km². Bevölkerung, Carson City - die kleine, gemütliche Hauptstadt swa US-Bundesstaates Nevada. Die kleine Hauptstadt Nevadas mit dem Nevada State Railway Museum. Nevada. +. −. Flagge, Wappen/Siegel. Flagge von Nevada, Wappen von Nevada. Daten. Hauptstadt: Carson City. Spitzname: The Silver State. Fläche, Must-Sees`s in der Hauptstadt Nevadas. Nevada State Capitol Das Nevada State Capitol wurde im italienischen-neoclassischen Stil zwischen und

Hauptstadt Nevada Video

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As part of the Mexican Cession and the subsequent California Gold Rush that used Emigrant Trails through the area, the state's area evolved first as part of the Utah Territory , then the Nevada Territory March 2, ; named for the Sierra Nevada.

On March 2, , the Nevada Territory separated from the Utah Territory and adopted its current name, shortened from The Sierra Nevada Spanish for "snow-covered mountain range".

The southern boundary is commemorated by Nevada Historical Markers 57 and 58 in Lincoln and Nye counties. Eight days before the presidential election of , Nevada became the 36th state in the union, despite lacking the minimum requisite 60, residents in order to become a state.

Finally, the response from Washington came on October 31, "the pain is over, the child is born, Nevada this day was admitted into the Union".

As it turned out, however, Lincoln and the Republicans won the election handily and did not need Nevada's help.

Nevada is one of only two states to significantly expand its borders after admission to the Union. The other is Missouri, which acquired additional territory in due to the Platte Purchase.

In another part of the western Utah Territory was added to Nevada in the eastern part of the state, setting the current eastern boundary.

Nevada achieved its current southern boundaries on January 18, , when it absorbed the portion of Pah-Ute County in the Arizona Territory west of the Colorado River, essentially all of present-day Nevada south of the 37th parallel.

The transfer was prompted by the discovery of gold in the area, and officials thought Nevada would be better able to oversee the expected population boom.

This area includes most of what is now Clark County and the Las Vegas metropolitan area. Mining shaped Nevada's economy for many years see Silver mining in Nevada.

When Mark Twain lived in Nevada during the period described in Roughing It , mining had led to an industry of speculation and immense wealth.

However, both mining and population declined in the late 19th century. However, the rich silver strike at Tonopah in , followed by strikes in Goldfield and Rhyolite , again put Nevada's population on an upward trend.

Unregulated gambling was commonplace in the early Nevada mining towns but was outlawed in as part of a nationwide anti-gambling crusade.

Because of subsequent declines in mining output and the decline of the agricultural sector during the Great Depression , Nevada again legalized gambling on March 19, , with approval from the legislature.

Governor Fred B. Balzar 's signature enacted the most liberal divorce laws in the country and open gambling.

The last atmospheric test was conducted on July 17, , and the underground testing of weapons continued until September 23, The location is known for having the highest concentration of nuclear-detonated weapons in the U.

The primary reason for this is homesteads were not permitted in large enough sizes to be viable in the arid conditions that prevail throughout desert Nevada.

Instead, early settlers would homestead land surrounding a water source, and then graze livestock on the adjacent public land, which is useless for agriculture without access to water this pattern of ranching still prevails.

The United States Census Bureau estimates the population of Nevada on July 1, , was 3,,, an increase of 45, residents 1. At the Census , 6.

Females made up about Since the census, the population of Nevada had a natural increase of 87, the net difference between , births and , deaths ; and an increase due to net migration of , of which , was due to domestic and 42, was due to international migration.

The center of population of Nevada is in southern Nye County. At the census, the town had 36, residents. From about the s until , Nevada was the fastest-growing state in the U.

More than two-thirds of the population live in Clark County , which is coextensive with the Las Vegas metropolitan area. Thus, in terms of population, Nevada is one of the most centralized states in the nation.

Henderson and North Las Vegas are among the top 20 fastest-growing U. Other desert towns like Indian Springs and Searchlight on the outskirts of Las Vegas have seen some growth as well.

Since , the rate of population born in Nevada has never peaked 27 percent, the lowest rate of all states. Large numbers of new residents in the state originate from California, which led some locals to feel their state is being " Californicated ".

According to the American Community Survey , In , non-Hispanic whites made up As of , In Douglas , Mineral , and Pershing counties, a plurality of residents are of Mexican ancestry.

Asian Americans lived in the state since the California Gold Rush of the s brought thousands of Chinese miners to Washoe county. They were followed by a few hundred Japanese farmworkers in the late 19th century.

Filipino Americans form the largest Asian American group in the state, with a population of more than , They comprise Mining booms drew many Greek and Eastern European immigrants to Nevada.

The top countries of origin for immigrants in Nevada were Mexico Note: Births within the table do not add up, due to Hispanics being counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.

A small percentage of Nevada's population lives in rural areas. The culture of these places differs significantly from major metropolitan areas.

People in these rural counties tend to be native Nevada residents, unlike in the Las Vegas and Reno areas, where the vast majority of the population was born in another state.

The rural population is also less diverse in terms of race and ethnicity. Mining plays an important role in the economies of the rural counties, with tourism being less prominent.

Church attendance in Nevada is among the lowest of all U. Parts of Nevada in the eastern parts of the state are situated in the Mormon Corridor.

The economy of Nevada is tied to tourism especially entertainment and gambling related , mining, and cattle ranching. Nevada's industrial outputs are tourism, mining, machinery, printing and publishing, food processing, and electric equipment.

The economy of Nevada has long been tied to vice industries. In portions of the state outside of the Las Vegas and Reno metropolitan areas mining plays a major economic role.

By value, gold is by far the most important mineral mined. Despite its rich deposits, the cost of mining in Nevada is generally high, and output is very sensitive to world commodity prices.

Cattle ranching is a major economic activity in rural Nevada. Nevada's agricultural outputs are cattle, hay, alfalfa, dairy products, onions, and potatoes.

As of January 1, , there were an estimated , head of cattle and 70, head of sheep in Nevada. Calves are generally shipped to out-of-state feedlots in the fall to be fattened for the market.

The largest employers in the state, as of the first fiscal quarter of , are the following, according to the Nevada Department of Employment, Training and Rehabilitation: [78].

Amtrak 's California Zephyr train uses the Union Pacific's original transcontinental railroad line in daily service from Chicago to Emeryville, California , serving Elko , Winnemucca , and Reno.

Las Vegas has had no passenger train service since Amtrak's Desert Wind was discontinued in There have been a number of proposals to re-introduce service to either Los Angeles or Southern California.

The Union Pacific Railroad has some railroads in the north and south of Nevada. Greyhound Lines provide some bus service to the state.

Interstate 15 passes through the southern tip of the state, serving Las Vegas and other communities.

I and spur route I also serve the Las Vegas metropolitan area. Interstate 80 crosses through the northern part of Nevada, roughly following the path of the Humboldt River from Utah in the east and the Truckee River westward through Reno into California.

It has a spur route, I Nevada also is served by several U. There are also Nevada state routes. Many of Nevada's counties have a system of county routes as well, though many are not signed or paved in rural areas.

Nevada is one of a few states in the U. The Interstate 11 proposed routing may eventually remedy this. The state is one of just a few in the country to allow semi-trailer trucks with three trailers—what might be called a " road train " in Australia.

But American versions are usually smaller, in part because they must ascend and descend some fairly steep mountain passes.

The agency is the largest transit agency in the state and operates a network of bus service across the Las Vegas Valley , including the use of The Deuce , double-decker buses , on the Las Vegas Strip and several outlying routes.

Most other counties in the state do not have public transportation at all. Additionally, a 4-mile 6. Several hotels also run their own monorail lines between each other, which are typically several blocks in length.

Nevada has had a thriving solar energy sector. However, in December , the Public Utility Commission let the state's only power company, NV Energy, charge higher rates and fees to solar panel users, leading to an immediate collapse of rooftop solar panel use [79].

In December , Congress amended the Nuclear Waste Policy Act to designate Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository as the only site to be characterized as a permanent repository for all of the nation's highly radioactive waste.

Under the Constitution of the State of Nevada , the powers of the Nevada government are divided among three separate departments : the Executive consisting of the Governor of Nevada and their cabinet along with the other elected constitutional officers; the Legislative consisting of the Nevada Legislature , which includes the Assembly and the Senate ; and the Judicial consisting of the Supreme Court of Nevada and lower courts.

The Governor of Nevada is the chief magistrate of Nevada, [81] the head of the executive department of the state's government, [81] and the commander-in-chief of the state 's military forces.

The Nevada Legislature is a bicameral body divided into an Assembly and Senate. Members of the Assembly serve two years, and members of the Senate serve four years.

Each session of the Legislature meets for a constitutionally mandated days in every odd-numbered year, or longer if the Governor calls a special session.

On December 18, , Nevada became the first in the United States with a female majority in its legislature. Women hold nine of the 21 seats in the Nevada Senate, and 23 of the 42 seats in the Nevada Assembly.

Original jurisdiction is divided between the district courts with general jurisdiction , and justice courts and municipal courts both of limited jurisdiction.

Appeals from District Courts are made directly to the Nevada Supreme Court, which under a deflective model of jurisdiction, has the discretion to send cases to the Court of Appeals for final resolution.

Incorporated towns in Nevada, known as cities, are given the authority to legislate anything not prohibited by law. A recent movement has begun to permit home rule to incorporate Nevada cities to give them more flexibility and fewer restrictions from the Legislature.

Town Boards for unincorporated towns are limited local governments created by either the local county commission, or by referendum, and form a purely advisory role and in no way diminish the responsibilities of the county commission that creates them.

In , Nevada's population was the smallest of all states and was shrinking, as the difficulties of living in a "barren desert" began to outweigh the lure of silver for many early settlers.

Historian Lawrence Friedman has explained what happened next:. Nevada, in a burst of ingenuity, built an economy by exploiting its sovereignty. Its strategy was to legalize all sorts of things that were illegal in California Even prostitution is legal in Nevada, in any county that decides to allow it.

Quite a few of them do. With the advent of air conditioning for summertime use and Southern Nevada's mild winters, the fortunes of the state began to turn around, as it did for Arizona , making these two states the fastest growing in the Union.

Nevada is the only state where prostitution is legal—in a licensed brothel in a county which has specifically voted to permit it.

Nevada's early reputation as a "divorce haven" arose from the fact that before the no-fault divorce revolution in the s, divorces were difficult to obtain in the United States.

Already having legalized gambling and prostitution, Nevada continued the trend of boosting its profile by adopting one of the most liberal divorce statutes in the nation.

This resulted in Williams v. North Carolina , U. Supreme Court ruled North Carolina had to give " full faith and credit " to a Nevada divorce. The Court modified its decision in Williams v.

As of , Nevada's divorce rate was above the national average. Nevada's tax laws are intended to draw new residents and businesses to the state.

Nevada has no personal income tax or corporate income tax. The statewide tax rate is 6. Counties may impose additional rates via voter approval or through approval of the state legislature; therefore, the applicable sales tax varies by county from 6.

Clark County, which includes Las Vegas, imposes four separate county option taxes in addition to the statewide rate: 0. In Washoe County, which includes Reno, the sales tax rate is 7.

Corporations such as Apple Inc. In , the Nevada Legislature passed a bill creating a domestic partnership registry that enables gay couples to enjoy the same rights as married couples.

In June , gay marriage became legal in Nevada. Nevada provides a friendly environment for the formation of corporations, and many especially California businesses have incorporated in Nevada to take advantage of the benefits of the Nevada statute.

Nevada corporations offer great flexibility to the Board of Directors and simplify or avoid many of the rules that are cumbersome to business managers in some other states.

In addition, Nevada has no franchise tax , although it does require businesses to have a license for which the business has to pay the state.

Similarly, many U. Nevada has very liberal alcohol laws. Marijuana in all forms remains illegal under federal law. Aside from cannabis legalization, non-alcohol drug laws are a notable exception to Nevada's otherwise libertarian principles.

It is notable for having the harshest penalties for drug offenders in the country. Nevada remains the only state to still use mandatory minimum sentencing guidelines for possession of drugs.

It outlaws smoking in most workplaces and public places. Smoking is permitted in bars, but only if the bar serves no food, or the bar is inside a larger casino.

Smoking is also permitted in casinos, certain hotel rooms, tobacco shops, and brothels. The remaining Due to heavy growth in the southern portion of the state, there is a noticeable divide between the politics of northern and southern Nevada.

The north has long maintained control of key positions in state government, even while the population of southern Nevada is larger than the rest of the state combined.

The north sees the high population south becoming more influential and perhaps commanding majority rule. The south sees the north as the "old guard" trying to rule as an oligarchy.

This has fostered some resentment, however, due to a term limit amendment passed by Nevada voters in , and again in , some of the north's hold over key positions will soon be forfeited to the south, leaving northern Nevada with less power.

Historically, northern Nevada has been very Republican. The more rural counties of the north are among the most conservative regions of the country.

Washoe County, home to Reno, has historically been strongly Republican, but now has become more of a Democratic-leaning swing county.

Clark County, home to Las Vegas, has been a stronghold for the Democratic Party since it was founded in , having voted Republican only six times and once for a third-party candidate.

Clark and Washoe counties have long dominated the state's politics. Between them, they cast 87 percent of Nevada's vote, and elect a substantial majority of the state legislature.

Bush in The great majority of the state's elected officials are from either Las Vegas or Reno. Nevada voted for the winner in nearly every presidential election from to , with the exception in when it voted for Gerald Ford over Jimmy Carter.

This includes Nevada supporting Democrats John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson in and , respectively. Bush in and , and Democrat Barack Obama winning the state in both and This gives the state status as a political bellwether.

From to , Nevada has been carried by the presidential victor the most out of any state 26 of 27 elections.

In , Nevada lost its bellwether status when it narrowly cast its votes for Hillary Clinton. Nevada was one of only three states won by John F.

Kennedy in the American West in the election of , albeit narrowly. The state's U. The Governorship is held by Steve Sisolak , a Democrat. Nevada is the only U.

Officially called None of These Candidates , the option was first added to the ballot in and is used in all statewide elections, including president, US Senate and all state constitutional positions.

In the event "None of These Candidates" receives a plurality of votes in the election, the candidate with the next-highest total is elected.

Education in Nevada is achieved through public and private elementary , middle , and high schools , as well as colleges and universities.

Education savings accounts ESAs are enabled by the new law to help pay the tuition for private schools.

Alternatively, families "can use funds in these accounts to also pay for textbooks and tutoring". Approximately The Nevada Aerospace Hall of Fame provides educational resources and promotes the aerospace and aviation history of the state.

Forest Service , and Bureau of Land Management. The Nevada state parks comprise protected areas managed by the state of Nevada, including state parks , state historic sites , and state recreation areas.

There are 24 state park units, including Van Sickle Bi-State Park which opened in July and is operated in partnership with the state of California.

A review of gaming statistics can be found at Nevada gaming area. Nevada has by far the most hotel rooms per capita in the United States. According to the American Hotel and Lodging Association, there were , rooms in hotels of 15 or more rooms.

The state is ranked just below California, Texas, Florida, and New York in the total number of rooms, but those states have much larger populations.

Nevada has one hotel room for every 14 residents, far above the national average of one hotel room per 67 residents. Prostitution is legal in parts of Nevada in licensed brothels, but only counties with populations under , have the option to legalize it.

Although prostitution is not a major part of the Nevada economy, employing roughly women as independent contractors, it is a very visible endeavor.

Of the 14 counties permitted to legalize prostitution under state law, eight have chosen to legalize brothels.

However, prostitution is legal in Storey County, which is part of the Reno—Sparks metropolitan area. The team moved from San Antonio.

Nevada takes pride in college sports, most notably its college football. UNLV is most remembered for its men's basketball program , which experienced its height of supremacy in the late s and early s.

Coached by Jerry Tarkanian , the Runnin' Rebels became one of the most elite programs in the country. In , UNLV won the Men's Division I Championship by defeating Duke —73, which set tournament records for most points scored by a team and largest margin of victory in the national title game.

In , UNLV finished the regular season undefeated, a feat that would not be matched in Division I men's basketball for more than 20 years.

Forward Larry Johnson won several awards, including the Naismith Award. North Carolina is the only other team to accomplish that —08, — The state's involvement in major-college sports is not limited to its local schools.

In the 21st century, the Las Vegas area has become a significant regional center for college basketball conference tournaments. The MW, West Coast Conference , and Western Athletic Conference all hold their men's and women's tournaments in the area, and the Pac holds its men's tournament there as well.

The Big Sky Conference , after decades of holding its men's and women's conference tournaments at campus sites, began holding both tournaments in Reno in Evander Holyfield , Evander Holyfield vs.

Amir Khan. Along with significant rises in popularity in mixed martial arts MMA , a number of fight leagues such as the UFC have taken interest in Las Vegas as a primary event location due to the number of suitable host venues.

The city has held the most UFC events with 86 events. Two venues in the immediate Las Vegas area host major annual events in rodeo. The state is also home to one of the most famous tennis players of all time, Andre Agassi , and current baseball superstar Bryce Harper.

They include:. Area 51 is near Groom Lake , a dry salt lake bed. The Seahawk Weapon School was added in to provide tactical training for Navy helicopters.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the U. For other uses, see Nevada disambiguation. For other uses, see Silver State disambiguation.

State in the United States. Boundary Peak [1] [2] [3] [a]. Colorado River at California border [2] [3].

Further information: List of counties in Nevada. Main article: History of Nevada. This section needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

October Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main articles: Admission to the Union , List of U. Largest cities or towns in Nevada Source: [60].

Further information: Nevada locations by per capita income. Religion in Nevada [63] religion percent Protestant. See also: Nevada locations by per capita income.

Main article: Government of Nevada. See also: Prostitution in Nevada. Main article: Recognition of same-sex unions in Nevada.

See also: Alcohol laws of Nevada and Cannabis in Nevada. See also: Political party strength in Nevada. This section possibly contains original research.

Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed.

December Learn how and when to remove this template message. See also: United States presidential elections in Nevada. Main article: Elections in Nevada.

Further information: List of wilderness areas in Nevada. Further information: List of Nevada state parks. State animal : desert bighorn sheep State artifact: Tule duck decoy State bird : mountain bluebird State element: Neon State colors: silver and blue State fish : Lahontan cutthroat trout State flower : sagebrush Artemisia tridentata State fossil : ichthyosaur State grass : Indian ricegrass State march: "Silver State Fanfare" by Gerald G.

United States portal. Also, Boundary Peak is less than 1 mile 1. Hence Boundary Peak can be described as not being wholly within Nevada.

NGS data sheet. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, United States Geological Survey. Archived from the original on October 15, Retrieved October 24, The Henry J.

Kaiser Family Foundation. Archived from the original on December 20, Retrieved September 18, Archived from the original on September 26, Retrieved March 2, Archived from the original on March 28, Encyclopedia Americana.

Archived from the original PDF on September 30, Retrieved May 7, US Census. Archived from the original PDF on November 21, Retrieved July 16, Archived from the original on December 25, Retrieved February 24, Archived from the original on August 1, Retrieved November 26, Reno Gazette-Journal.

A State Apart. Archived from the original on December 29, Retrieved October 7, Archived from the original on July 3, Retrieved July 3, Archived from the original on January 17, Retrieved January 17, Archived from the original on October 9, Retrieved November 11, Nevada: a guide to the Silver state.

US History Publishers. Finally an administration sector operated on the rightmost side of the plan with its own separate parking structures.

Hauptstadt was to take the idea of the city to a brand new level in its relation to the individual.

Keeping in the style of Le Corbusier , the plan was designed such that there would be separate pedestrian and automobile corridors, allowing for a greater sense of connectivity in that any individual will never experience the same thing more than once, shying away from automation of life.

By separating the sidewalk from the road, people could move freely on foot without fear of vehicles and vice versa for drivers.

Escalators were to be used to access the pedestrian corridor from the street level. This dual-layer technique was meant to emphasize remnants of the city on the upper level, while still keeping with the new structures.

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In another part of the western Utah Territory was added to Nevada in the eastern part of the state, setting the current eastern boundary.

Nevada achieved its current southern boundaries on January 18, , when it absorbed the portion of Pah-Ute County in the Arizona Territory west of the Colorado River, essentially all of present-day Nevada south of the 37th parallel.

The transfer was prompted by the discovery of gold in the area, and officials thought Nevada would be better able to oversee the expected population boom.

This area includes most of what is now Clark County and the Las Vegas metropolitan area. Mining shaped Nevada's economy for many years see Silver mining in Nevada.

When Mark Twain lived in Nevada during the period described in Roughing It , mining had led to an industry of speculation and immense wealth.

However, both mining and population declined in the late 19th century. However, the rich silver strike at Tonopah in , followed by strikes in Goldfield and Rhyolite , again put Nevada's population on an upward trend.

Unregulated gambling was commonplace in the early Nevada mining towns but was outlawed in as part of a nationwide anti-gambling crusade. Because of subsequent declines in mining output and the decline of the agricultural sector during the Great Depression , Nevada again legalized gambling on March 19, , with approval from the legislature.

Governor Fred B. Balzar 's signature enacted the most liberal divorce laws in the country and open gambling.

The last atmospheric test was conducted on July 17, , and the underground testing of weapons continued until September 23, The location is known for having the highest concentration of nuclear-detonated weapons in the U.

The primary reason for this is homesteads were not permitted in large enough sizes to be viable in the arid conditions that prevail throughout desert Nevada.

Instead, early settlers would homestead land surrounding a water source, and then graze livestock on the adjacent public land, which is useless for agriculture without access to water this pattern of ranching still prevails.

The United States Census Bureau estimates the population of Nevada on July 1, , was 3,,, an increase of 45, residents 1.

At the Census , 6. Females made up about Since the census, the population of Nevada had a natural increase of 87, the net difference between , births and , deaths ; and an increase due to net migration of , of which , was due to domestic and 42, was due to international migration.

The center of population of Nevada is in southern Nye County. At the census, the town had 36, residents. From about the s until , Nevada was the fastest-growing state in the U.

More than two-thirds of the population live in Clark County , which is coextensive with the Las Vegas metropolitan area.

Thus, in terms of population, Nevada is one of the most centralized states in the nation. Henderson and North Las Vegas are among the top 20 fastest-growing U.

Other desert towns like Indian Springs and Searchlight on the outskirts of Las Vegas have seen some growth as well. Since , the rate of population born in Nevada has never peaked 27 percent, the lowest rate of all states.

Large numbers of new residents in the state originate from California, which led some locals to feel their state is being " Californicated ".

According to the American Community Survey , In , non-Hispanic whites made up As of , In Douglas , Mineral , and Pershing counties, a plurality of residents are of Mexican ancestry.

Asian Americans lived in the state since the California Gold Rush of the s brought thousands of Chinese miners to Washoe county.

They were followed by a few hundred Japanese farmworkers in the late 19th century. Filipino Americans form the largest Asian American group in the state, with a population of more than , They comprise Mining booms drew many Greek and Eastern European immigrants to Nevada.

The top countries of origin for immigrants in Nevada were Mexico Note: Births within the table do not add up, due to Hispanics being counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.

A small percentage of Nevada's population lives in rural areas. The culture of these places differs significantly from major metropolitan areas.

People in these rural counties tend to be native Nevada residents, unlike in the Las Vegas and Reno areas, where the vast majority of the population was born in another state.

The rural population is also less diverse in terms of race and ethnicity. Mining plays an important role in the economies of the rural counties, with tourism being less prominent.

Church attendance in Nevada is among the lowest of all U. Parts of Nevada in the eastern parts of the state are situated in the Mormon Corridor.

The economy of Nevada is tied to tourism especially entertainment and gambling related , mining, and cattle ranching.

Nevada's industrial outputs are tourism, mining, machinery, printing and publishing, food processing, and electric equipment.

The economy of Nevada has long been tied to vice industries. In portions of the state outside of the Las Vegas and Reno metropolitan areas mining plays a major economic role.

By value, gold is by far the most important mineral mined. Despite its rich deposits, the cost of mining in Nevada is generally high, and output is very sensitive to world commodity prices.

Cattle ranching is a major economic activity in rural Nevada. Nevada's agricultural outputs are cattle, hay, alfalfa, dairy products, onions, and potatoes.

As of January 1, , there were an estimated , head of cattle and 70, head of sheep in Nevada. Calves are generally shipped to out-of-state feedlots in the fall to be fattened for the market.

The largest employers in the state, as of the first fiscal quarter of , are the following, according to the Nevada Department of Employment, Training and Rehabilitation: [78].

Amtrak 's California Zephyr train uses the Union Pacific's original transcontinental railroad line in daily service from Chicago to Emeryville, California , serving Elko , Winnemucca , and Reno.

Las Vegas has had no passenger train service since Amtrak's Desert Wind was discontinued in There have been a number of proposals to re-introduce service to either Los Angeles or Southern California.

The Union Pacific Railroad has some railroads in the north and south of Nevada. Greyhound Lines provide some bus service to the state. Interstate 15 passes through the southern tip of the state, serving Las Vegas and other communities.

I and spur route I also serve the Las Vegas metropolitan area. Interstate 80 crosses through the northern part of Nevada, roughly following the path of the Humboldt River from Utah in the east and the Truckee River westward through Reno into California.

It has a spur route, I Nevada also is served by several U. There are also Nevada state routes. Many of Nevada's counties have a system of county routes as well, though many are not signed or paved in rural areas.

Nevada is one of a few states in the U. The Interstate 11 proposed routing may eventually remedy this. The state is one of just a few in the country to allow semi-trailer trucks with three trailers—what might be called a " road train " in Australia.

But American versions are usually smaller, in part because they must ascend and descend some fairly steep mountain passes.

The agency is the largest transit agency in the state and operates a network of bus service across the Las Vegas Valley , including the use of The Deuce , double-decker buses , on the Las Vegas Strip and several outlying routes.

Most other counties in the state do not have public transportation at all. Additionally, a 4-mile 6. Several hotels also run their own monorail lines between each other, which are typically several blocks in length.

Nevada has had a thriving solar energy sector. However, in December , the Public Utility Commission let the state's only power company, NV Energy, charge higher rates and fees to solar panel users, leading to an immediate collapse of rooftop solar panel use [79].

In December , Congress amended the Nuclear Waste Policy Act to designate Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository as the only site to be characterized as a permanent repository for all of the nation's highly radioactive waste.

Under the Constitution of the State of Nevada , the powers of the Nevada government are divided among three separate departments : the Executive consisting of the Governor of Nevada and their cabinet along with the other elected constitutional officers; the Legislative consisting of the Nevada Legislature , which includes the Assembly and the Senate ; and the Judicial consisting of the Supreme Court of Nevada and lower courts.

The Governor of Nevada is the chief magistrate of Nevada, [81] the head of the executive department of the state's government, [81] and the commander-in-chief of the state 's military forces.

The Nevada Legislature is a bicameral body divided into an Assembly and Senate. Members of the Assembly serve two years, and members of the Senate serve four years.

Each session of the Legislature meets for a constitutionally mandated days in every odd-numbered year, or longer if the Governor calls a special session.

On December 18, , Nevada became the first in the United States with a female majority in its legislature. Women hold nine of the 21 seats in the Nevada Senate, and 23 of the 42 seats in the Nevada Assembly.

Original jurisdiction is divided between the district courts with general jurisdiction , and justice courts and municipal courts both of limited jurisdiction.

Appeals from District Courts are made directly to the Nevada Supreme Court, which under a deflective model of jurisdiction, has the discretion to send cases to the Court of Appeals for final resolution.

Incorporated towns in Nevada, known as cities, are given the authority to legislate anything not prohibited by law. A recent movement has begun to permit home rule to incorporate Nevada cities to give them more flexibility and fewer restrictions from the Legislature.

Town Boards for unincorporated towns are limited local governments created by either the local county commission, or by referendum, and form a purely advisory role and in no way diminish the responsibilities of the county commission that creates them.

In , Nevada's population was the smallest of all states and was shrinking, as the difficulties of living in a "barren desert" began to outweigh the lure of silver for many early settlers.

Historian Lawrence Friedman has explained what happened next:. Nevada, in a burst of ingenuity, built an economy by exploiting its sovereignty.

Its strategy was to legalize all sorts of things that were illegal in California Even prostitution is legal in Nevada, in any county that decides to allow it.

Quite a few of them do. With the advent of air conditioning for summertime use and Southern Nevada's mild winters, the fortunes of the state began to turn around, as it did for Arizona , making these two states the fastest growing in the Union.

Nevada is the only state where prostitution is legal—in a licensed brothel in a county which has specifically voted to permit it.

Nevada's early reputation as a "divorce haven" arose from the fact that before the no-fault divorce revolution in the s, divorces were difficult to obtain in the United States.

Already having legalized gambling and prostitution, Nevada continued the trend of boosting its profile by adopting one of the most liberal divorce statutes in the nation.

This resulted in Williams v. North Carolina , U. Supreme Court ruled North Carolina had to give " full faith and credit " to a Nevada divorce.

The Court modified its decision in Williams v. As of , Nevada's divorce rate was above the national average. Nevada's tax laws are intended to draw new residents and businesses to the state.

Nevada has no personal income tax or corporate income tax. The statewide tax rate is 6. Counties may impose additional rates via voter approval or through approval of the state legislature; therefore, the applicable sales tax varies by county from 6.

Clark County, which includes Las Vegas, imposes four separate county option taxes in addition to the statewide rate: 0.

In Washoe County, which includes Reno, the sales tax rate is 7. Corporations such as Apple Inc. In , the Nevada Legislature passed a bill creating a domestic partnership registry that enables gay couples to enjoy the same rights as married couples.

In June , gay marriage became legal in Nevada. Nevada provides a friendly environment for the formation of corporations, and many especially California businesses have incorporated in Nevada to take advantage of the benefits of the Nevada statute.

Nevada corporations offer great flexibility to the Board of Directors and simplify or avoid many of the rules that are cumbersome to business managers in some other states.

In addition, Nevada has no franchise tax , although it does require businesses to have a license for which the business has to pay the state.

Similarly, many U. Nevada has very liberal alcohol laws. Marijuana in all forms remains illegal under federal law. Aside from cannabis legalization, non-alcohol drug laws are a notable exception to Nevada's otherwise libertarian principles.

It is notable for having the harshest penalties for drug offenders in the country. Nevada remains the only state to still use mandatory minimum sentencing guidelines for possession of drugs.

It outlaws smoking in most workplaces and public places. Smoking is permitted in bars, but only if the bar serves no food, or the bar is inside a larger casino.

Smoking is also permitted in casinos, certain hotel rooms, tobacco shops, and brothels. The remaining Due to heavy growth in the southern portion of the state, there is a noticeable divide between the politics of northern and southern Nevada.

The north has long maintained control of key positions in state government, even while the population of southern Nevada is larger than the rest of the state combined.

The north sees the high population south becoming more influential and perhaps commanding majority rule. The south sees the north as the "old guard" trying to rule as an oligarchy.

This has fostered some resentment, however, due to a term limit amendment passed by Nevada voters in , and again in , some of the north's hold over key positions will soon be forfeited to the south, leaving northern Nevada with less power.

Historically, northern Nevada has been very Republican. The more rural counties of the north are among the most conservative regions of the country.

Washoe County, home to Reno, has historically been strongly Republican, but now has become more of a Democratic-leaning swing county. Clark County, home to Las Vegas, has been a stronghold for the Democratic Party since it was founded in , having voted Republican only six times and once for a third-party candidate.

Clark and Washoe counties have long dominated the state's politics. Between them, they cast 87 percent of Nevada's vote, and elect a substantial majority of the state legislature.

Bush in The great majority of the state's elected officials are from either Las Vegas or Reno.

Nevada voted for the winner in nearly every presidential election from to , with the exception in when it voted for Gerald Ford over Jimmy Carter.

This includes Nevada supporting Democrats John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson in and , respectively. Bush in and , and Democrat Barack Obama winning the state in both and This gives the state status as a political bellwether.

From to , Nevada has been carried by the presidential victor the most out of any state 26 of 27 elections. In , Nevada lost its bellwether status when it narrowly cast its votes for Hillary Clinton.

Nevada was one of only three states won by John F. Kennedy in the American West in the election of , albeit narrowly.

The state's U. The Governorship is held by Steve Sisolak , a Democrat. Nevada is the only U. Officially called None of These Candidates , the option was first added to the ballot in and is used in all statewide elections, including president, US Senate and all state constitutional positions.

In the event "None of These Candidates" receives a plurality of votes in the election, the candidate with the next-highest total is elected.

Education in Nevada is achieved through public and private elementary , middle , and high schools , as well as colleges and universities.

Education savings accounts ESAs are enabled by the new law to help pay the tuition for private schools.

Alternatively, families "can use funds in these accounts to also pay for textbooks and tutoring". Approximately The Nevada Aerospace Hall of Fame provides educational resources and promotes the aerospace and aviation history of the state.

Forest Service , and Bureau of Land Management. The Nevada state parks comprise protected areas managed by the state of Nevada, including state parks , state historic sites , and state recreation areas.

There are 24 state park units, including Van Sickle Bi-State Park which opened in July and is operated in partnership with the state of California.

A review of gaming statistics can be found at Nevada gaming area. Nevada has by far the most hotel rooms per capita in the United States.

According to the American Hotel and Lodging Association, there were , rooms in hotels of 15 or more rooms. The state is ranked just below California, Texas, Florida, and New York in the total number of rooms, but those states have much larger populations.

Nevada has one hotel room for every 14 residents, far above the national average of one hotel room per 67 residents.

Prostitution is legal in parts of Nevada in licensed brothels, but only counties with populations under , have the option to legalize it.

Although prostitution is not a major part of the Nevada economy, employing roughly women as independent contractors, it is a very visible endeavor.

Of the 14 counties permitted to legalize prostitution under state law, eight have chosen to legalize brothels.

However, prostitution is legal in Storey County, which is part of the Reno—Sparks metropolitan area. The team moved from San Antonio.

Nevada takes pride in college sports, most notably its college football. UNLV is most remembered for its men's basketball program , which experienced its height of supremacy in the late s and early s.

Coached by Jerry Tarkanian , the Runnin' Rebels became one of the most elite programs in the country.

In , UNLV won the Men's Division I Championship by defeating Duke —73, which set tournament records for most points scored by a team and largest margin of victory in the national title game.

In , UNLV finished the regular season undefeated, a feat that would not be matched in Division I men's basketball for more than 20 years.

Forward Larry Johnson won several awards, including the Naismith Award. North Carolina is the only other team to accomplish that —08, — The state's involvement in major-college sports is not limited to its local schools.

In the 21st century, the Las Vegas area has become a significant regional center for college basketball conference tournaments.

The MW, West Coast Conference , and Western Athletic Conference all hold their men's and women's tournaments in the area, and the Pac holds its men's tournament there as well.

The Big Sky Conference , after decades of holding its men's and women's conference tournaments at campus sites, began holding both tournaments in Reno in Evander Holyfield , Evander Holyfield vs.

Amir Khan. Along with significant rises in popularity in mixed martial arts MMA , a number of fight leagues such as the UFC have taken interest in Las Vegas as a primary event location due to the number of suitable host venues.

The city has held the most UFC events with 86 events. Two venues in the immediate Las Vegas area host major annual events in rodeo.

The state is also home to one of the most famous tennis players of all time, Andre Agassi , and current baseball superstar Bryce Harper.

They include:. Area 51 is near Groom Lake , a dry salt lake bed. The Seahawk Weapon School was added in to provide tactical training for Navy helicopters.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the U. For other uses, see Nevada disambiguation. For other uses, see Silver State disambiguation.

State in the United States. Boundary Peak [1] [2] [3] [a]. Colorado River at California border [2] [3]. Further information: List of counties in Nevada.

Main article: History of Nevada. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. October Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main articles: Admission to the Union , List of U.

Largest cities or towns in Nevada Source: [60]. Further information: Nevada locations by per capita income. Religion in Nevada [63] religion percent Protestant.

See also: Nevada locations by per capita income. Main article: Government of Nevada. See also: Prostitution in Nevada. Main article: Recognition of same-sex unions in Nevada.

See also: Alcohol laws of Nevada and Cannabis in Nevada. See also: Political party strength in Nevada.

This section possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed.

December Learn how and when to remove this template message. See also: United States presidential elections in Nevada. Main article: Elections in Nevada.

Further information: List of wilderness areas in Nevada. Further information: List of Nevada state parks.

State animal : desert bighorn sheep State artifact: Tule duck decoy State bird : mountain bluebird State element: Neon State colors: silver and blue State fish : Lahontan cutthroat trout State flower : sagebrush Artemisia tridentata State fossil : ichthyosaur State grass : Indian ricegrass State march: "Silver State Fanfare" by Gerald G.

United States portal. Also, Boundary Peak is less than 1 mile 1. Hence Boundary Peak can be described as not being wholly within Nevada.

NGS data sheet. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, United States Geological Survey. Archived from the original on October 15, Retrieved October 24, The Henry J.

Kaiser Family Foundation. Archived from the original on December 20, Retrieved September 18, Archived from the original on September 26, Retrieved March 2, Archived from the original on March 28, Encyclopedia Americana.

Archived from the original PDF on September 30, Retrieved May 7, US Census. Archived from the original PDF on November 21, Retrieved July 16, Archived from the original on December 25, Retrieved February 24, Archived from the original on August 1, Retrieved November 26, Reno Gazette-Journal.

A State Apart. Archived from the original on December 29, Retrieved October 7, Archived from the original on July 3, Retrieved July 3, Archived from the original on January 17, Retrieved January 17, Archived from the original on October 9, Retrieved November 11, Nevada: a guide to the Silver state.

US History Publishers. Nevada State Library and Archives. Archived from the original on September 27, Retrieved August 17, Archived from the original on July 17, Retrieved July 27, Archived from the original on July 7, Retrieved May 14, Archived from the original PDF on January 17, Weitere Universitäten sind in der Liste der Universitäten in Nevada zusammengefasst.

Liste der Städte in Nevada. Nevadas Hauptstadt ist Carson City. Durch das starke Wachstum des Clark County seit Mitte der er Jahre mit Las Vegas im Süden, das mittlerweile mehr als die Hälfte aller Einwohner Nevadas beheimatet, hat sich ein drittes Lager mit besonders vielen Spannungen den anderen beiden Landesteilen gegenüber entwickelt.

Vor allem der riesige Wasserbedarf der Spieler- und Touristenmetropole trägt zum Unmut der Vieh- und Weidewirtschaft des Nordens bei, der schon seit mehr als einem Jahrzehnt unter anhaltender Dürre leidet.

In der Frage des Widerstands gegen Yucca Mountain als nuklearem Abfalllager steht die Landesregierung Nevadas mit den Ureinwohnern und mit den meisten Einwohnern des Bundesstaates in einer Ablehnungsfront.

Nevada galt bis zur Präsidentschaftswahl als Swing State , mit dem liberalen und rapide wachsenden Las Vegas im Clark County, das den ländlich-konservativen Rest des Staates weitgehend aufwog, sodass das Washoe County im Westen mit Reno häufig wahlentscheidend war.

Bei den drei Präsidentschaftswahlen von bis wählte Nevada demokratischer als der nationale Schnitt. So gewannen sie bei den Wahlen drei der vier Kongresswahlbezirke, der zur Wiederwahl stehende republikanische Senator Dean Heller wurde deutlich von der Demokratin Jacky Rosen geschlagen, als Gouverneur wurde erstmals seit zwei Jahrzehnten mit Steve Sisolak ein Demokrat gewählt, und die demokratischen Mehrheiten in der State Legislature wurden ausgebaut.

Zudem baute er ein dichtes Netzwerk von Aktivisten auf durch die Förderung von Organisationen, die sich für Einwanderer und Umweltfragen einsetzen, und die mit den mächtigen Gewerkschaften in Las Vegas an der Mobilisierung von Wählern arbeiten.

Die Struktur der Arbeitsplätze im Servicebereich gibt den Gewerkschaften — die Casinomitarbeiter sind in der Culinary Union organisiert — eine besonders wichtige Rolle, sorgt aber auch dafür, dass diese diversifizierte und volatile Bevölkerungsgruppe durch kostspielige ständige Neuregistrierung und Aufforderung zur Wahl immer wieder neu mobilisiert werden muss.

Nevada hat die Todesstrafe für Mord, aber von den seit ihrer Wiedereinführung 12 hingerichteten Personen verzichteten 11 auf Rechtsmittel und wollten ihre Vollstreckung.

Im Weiterhin besitzt der Bundesstaat 26 State Parks [19]. Das reale Bruttoinlandsprodukt pro Kopf engl. Wichtigster Wirtschaftsfaktor Nevadas ist, bedingt durch die liberalen Glücksspielgesetze und die guten Wintersportmöglichkeiten, der Fremdenverkehr.

Nevada wird von drei Hauptstrecken der Union Pacific Railroad durchquert. Im Norden handelt es sich um die transkontinentale Bahnstrecke die von der Central Pacific Railroad errichtet wurde und die parallel verlaufende Strecke der früheren Western Pacific Railroad.

Bundesdistrikt: Washington, D. Der Titel dieses Artikels ist mehrdeutig. Weitere Bedeutungen sind unter Nevada Begriffsklärung aufgeführt.

In diesem Artikel oder Abschnitt fehlen noch folgende wichtige Informationen: Hier sollte etwas über die Gliederung Nevadas stehen. PDF Nicht mehr online verfügbar.

Januar ; abgerufen am 1. März englisch. Naval Air Station Fallon. Abgerufen am Mai In: Nevada Historical Society Quarterly.

Band 47, , Nr. In: Deutschlandradio , Das Feature, Juli Census Bureau — Census of Population and Housing. In: The Baltimore Sun. Januar englisch.

Census Bureau, Census, abgerufen am Juni In: FiveThirtyEight , Juli ; Daniel Rothberg: Washoe turns Republicans blue. In: The Nevada Independent , November In: Huffington Post ,

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